Opening Innovation: The impact of relational aspects and the influence on the capability to innovate

Name: Nádia Carvalho
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 14/04/2020
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Hélio Zanquetto Filho Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Cleber Carvalho de Castro External Examiner *
Hélio Zanquetto Filho Advisor *
Marcos Paulo Valadares de Oliveira Internal Examiner *
Teresa Cristina Janes Carneiro Internal Examiner *
Valmir Emil Hoffman External Examiner *

Summary: The relational aspects, facing the open innovation, comprise important mechanisms for the development of the innovation capabilitty of organizations. The open innovation implies more dynamic processes that seek to integrate input and output activities of knowledge from the organizational environment. However, if from the sociological perspective social bonds constitute a valuable resource, from the economic perspective behavioral assumptions may be important inhibitory vectors, that cause implications to the structure and the content of relationships. Therefore, in the literature, it still lacks of understanding on how the relational aspects are related in a way to promote the open innovation and allow organizations to develop their innovation skills. In this sense, this thesis aims at determining the impact intensity of
both the relational social capital social and the perception of relational risk on open innovation, as well as the impact of openness activities in the innovation capability of the organizations. The model was tested, using Partial Least Squares (PLS-SEM), in a sample of 186 organizations that operate in Brazilian Technology Parks. The results show that relational social capital positively impacts the open innovation, while the impact of the perception of relational risk tends to reduce the open innovation. In addition, the presence of relational intensity as a moderating factor in the relationship between relational social capital, open innovation and innovation capability, suggests an increase in the effectiveness of relational social capital on the execution of the processes of openness activities and development of skills to innovate. Thus, it expands the theoretical discussions to the fields of study on open innovation and innovation capability, by pointing out elements such as trust, respect and interaction as antecedents of open innovation, WHEREas fraud, information theft and breach of contract precede so as to reduce open innovation. In addition, the implications of open innovation for innovation capability are discussed, in which knowledge entry and exit activities improve internal processes, developing specific
skills to innovate.

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