Subjective configurations of the political participation of student movement activists in Universidade Federal do
Espírito Santo


Publication date: 04/08/2020

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Summary: The subjectivity of militants of the student movement - SM - can stimulate their political participation and the reproduction of vices of the Brazilian party political logic - distinction between representatives and those represented, excessive autonomy of the representatives; it can also subvert this logic; or even discourage their political participation. The research problem was established in the following question: what are the subjective configurations of the political participation of ME activists at the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo - UFES? Faced with this problem, this thesis aims to analyze the subjective configurations of the political participation of SM activists in UFES student organizations. The theoretical framework is the Theory of Subjectivity of González Rey (2003; 2003b; 2005) and González Rey and Mitjáns Martinez (2017), and the concept of political participation proposed by Sabucedo (1996). The method chosen is the case study at the UFES SM, in Vitória/ES, between 2016 and 2019, based on Qualitative Epistemology (GONZÁLEZ REY, 2003; 2003b; 2005) and Qualitative Methodology (GONZÁLEZ REY, 2005). The information was produced from an individual conversation, four group conversations, a questionnaire with open and closed questions and the completion of sentences (GONZÁLEZ REY, 2005), with six activists from the student movement, all male. The interactions of the subjects with female militants, who gave up the research in their different moments, were also used to raise hypotheses, as well as the academic production mentioned above. The results reveal six subjective configurations: the Academic Center Manager, the Devil's Lawyer, the Franciscan Leader, the Occupier of Spaces, the Averse to Uncertainty and the Militant Father. It is concluded that the subjective meanings configured in the trajectory of each subject, in family, personal relationships and areas of study, stimulated the initial involvement, the protagonism in their militancy spaces and the symbolic (re)construction of reality. The meanings shared in the social subjectivity of the media in which they circulated - of identities, languages and ideologies - stimulated the differentiation and fragmentation of the SM, served as obstacles to the involvement of new militants and legitimized groups of power.

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